Stalls are one thing that with proper teaching from a flight instructor can be easily avoided. Below is a list of some places I’ve seen students struggle with and greatly increase the odds of an inadvertent stall.
Base to Final
The most common stall/spin accident is the base to final turn. Here pilots make quick judgments based on “I’m too high” or “I overshot the runway” to correct this many pilots add flaps or decrease power while in a tight diving turn. Adding flaps in a turn is a dangerous practice. Changing your wings aerodynamic properties while at these slow airspeeds can quickly spell disaster. Wait until you’re wings level before you add or take away flaps.
On Climb Out
This commonly becomes a problem in the short field scenario however can really carry over to any takeoff. Many students do a great job at climbing out holding Vx (Best angle of climb) and in normal situations Vy (Best rate of climb). Yet distractions in the cockpit sometimes cause students to climb out steeper than necessary leading to a slower climb speed and bringing them closer to the critical angle of attack. It’s hard to use visual references in such a steep climb. Keep a good instrument scan going and hold those airspeeds until you can enter a cruise climb.
I hate using the word flare. Flare is something bellbottoms do, not airplanes. Well at least not the little Cessna 150 I fly. Many students tend to exaggerate their “flare” or more appropriately called the landing rollout. Slow airspeeds, low altitude, and a nose high attitude are all the perfect ingredients for a runway pancake. Now understand you don’t want a 3 point landing. However you don’t need such an extreme pitch up at the second before touchdown either. Keep it gradual, nothing major, you should still be able to see down the runway.
What are some other areas that you believe need special attention?
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